Model Learning Center Behavior
It is important when creating small group learning centers that you model how to behave in a small group as well as discuss the different roles within the small group. Sometimes, small groups may require that students change roles as note-taker, writer, problem solver, leader, etc. When students are working independently in small groups around the classroom, it is easy for the teacher to walk around and monitor student learning.
Homogeneous or Heterogeneous Grouping?
Before setting up centers in your classroom, you must think about how you will structure your groups. There are two options for grouping. Homogeneous grouping is where each small group center has 3-4 students all with similar ability levels. Heterogeneous grouping is where each small group center has 3-4 students with one student being MIN, two students being MEETS, and one student being EXC. The exceeds student in the heterogeneous group will help lead and teach the group, which will also help the student understand the concept better. You may also want to give this student more challenging activities.
How to Set Up Your Learning Centers
- 3-4 students per group
- Separate groups to different areas of your classroom
- Length of Center Time: Pre-K through 2nd Grade = 15 minutes, 3rd Grade through 6th Grade = 20-30 minutes.
- Center activities MUST be self checking. Have an answer key provided so the students can check their own work.
- Students must have something they hand in. Center work is usually not graded, as they will be able to check their work and fix their mistakes. You can take a weekly grade for participation.
- Have 4-6 centers around the room, depending on how many students you have. After the time is complete, have students clean up their center to its original state and rotate to the next center.
- Differentiated Learning Centers - 85 Leveled Activities With Reproducible Planning Sheets and Student Pages to Support Centers in Fluency, Reading Comprehension, and Word Study
- Making the Most of Small Groups - Differentiation for All by Debbie Miller. Great author who wrote Reading with Meaning.
- Literacy Word Stations: Making Centers Work - Another Debbie Miller classic that will get you started with centers!